Sanitary Sewer Program Background Information
- Old and deteriorated main and lateral pipes - Sewers range in age from 40 to 80 years with an average age of 50 years.
- Cracked sewer pipes - Existing sewers are mostly clay pipes which can crack as they deteriorate with age and also by earth movement.
- Misaligned and open pipe joints - Mortar used to seal the joints between sections of clay pipe has deteriorated.
- Undersized sewer pipe - The existing sewer system is overloaded due to new sewer hook-ups, underground water infiltration, and illegal roof and/or yard drain connections.
- Defective manholes - Old manholes are made of bricks. Typical problems associated with brick manholes are loose bricks, missing bricks, and misaligned manholes.
- Missing and/or unrecorded sewer pipes and manholes - Sewer pipe locations shown on the sewer record map are different from the actual sewer location.
- Flat or level sewer main/lateral - Located mostly in flat areas of Fullerton.
- CAUSES OF SEWER BACKUPS
Sanitary sewer backups are caused by several factors including the condition of the sanitary sewer system itself, natural phenomena such as earth movement and rain, and the incorrect usage of the system by the public.
Examples of backup causes are:
- Root infiltration - Tree roots are a major cause of backups.
- Water inflow/infiltration - Rain water entering the sewer pipe causes overflows.
- Solids - Typical solids that buildup in the pipe and cause backups are grease, dirt, bones, tampons, paper towels, diapers, broken dishware, garbage, concrete, and debris.
- Structural defects in pipes and manholes - Sags in the line, cracks, holes, protruding laterals, misaligned pipe, offset joints are all possible causes of backups.
- METHODS TO DETERMINE THE CONDITION OF THE SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM
- Physical inspection - This involves examining the physical condition of manholes and other sewer structures to determine their structural integrity and to identify possible sources of infiltration/inflow (I/I).
- Flow monitoring/flow isolation - Rainfall gages are installed to monitor subbasins with overflow problems by collecting and analyzing flow data during normal and storm related weather events.
- Smoke testing - Smoke testing is used to locate specific defects (leaks) in sewer mains and laterals that contribute infiltration/inflow to the sewer system. Smoke testing involves injecting a non-toxic vapor (smoke) into the manholes and following its path of travel in the mains and laterals.
- Dye water flooding - Colored dye is added to the storm drain water. Dyed water appearing in the sanitary sewer system indicates an existing connection between the sewer and storm drain system.
- Closed-circuit television inspection - This is a useful tool in locating specific sources of infiltration as well as determining the structural condition of the sewer system. This information is necessary for the design of sewer replacement and rehabilitation projects.
- Sewer maintenance records - Records of frequent maintenance problems. Sewer Capital Improvement Program
PLANNED SEWER RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS - IN DESIGN
Schedule to Begin
||Valley View Pl
||1000' East of Carhart Ave
||Santa Barbara Ave
PLANNED SEWER LINING PROJECTS - IN DESIGN
- Project locations yet to be determined